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Visualizzazione post con etichetta ELF. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta ELF. Mostra tutti i post

martedì 13 agosto 2019

ANSES Agenzia Francese Sicurezza alimentare, occupazionale e ambiente riconferma pericoli di leucemia infatile per esposizioni a basse frequenze

Ente pubblico francese, ANSES ha pubblicato un documento di quasi trecento pagine che conferma l'associazione ripetuta di effetti sulla salute (leucemia infantile) dall'esposizione a campi elettromagnetici a bassissima frequenza (ELF-EMF). La relazione scientifica  raccomanda di ridurre al minimo le esposizioni, in particolare per i bambini e le donne in gravidanza in "aree sensibili".

ANSES ha finanziato varie campagne di misurazione e ha rivisto le conslusioni della ricerca dal 2010 rilevando che i valori più alti di ELF-EMF sono stati trovati nelle immediate vicinanze di strutture elettriche come trasformatori, sottostazioni e linee di trasmissione ad alta tensione che creano esposizioni  croniche, diurne e notturne . Gli elettrodomestici all'interno delle case generano anche alti livelli di campi magnetici che tendono ad essere brevi esposizioni localizzate nell'area circostante l'apparecchio.

L'Agenzia ha ribadito le conclusioni del 2010 e ha formulato raccomandazioni aggiornate per ridurre l'esposizione a ELF-EMF, tra cui:

Le nuove scuole e ospedali NON devono trovarsi nelle immediate vicinanze di linee elettriche ad alta tensione.

Sono necessari migliori controlli e riduzioni per le esposizioni professionali, in particolare per le donne in gravidanza. L'Agenzia ha sottolineato che la ricerca ha rilevato che l'esposizione al feto in alcune situazioni potrebbe essere superiore ai limiti di esposizione pubblica e che le donne dovrebbero essere meglio informate.

I produttori di macchine industriali che emettono ELF-EMF dovrebbero misurare le esposizioni associate e fornire ai clienti / utenti informazioni tecniche su tali esposizioni.

Le normative attuali regolano solo i livelli di esposizione vicino alle linee di trasmissione e l'Agenzia ora raccomanda di estendere le normative per includere tutte le fonti di esposizione ELF-EMF alla popolazione generale.






















French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) 
2019 Report on the Health Effects of Exposure To Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields 


June 21, 2018  The French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) published a new report confirming the repeated association of health effects (childhood leukemia) from exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF). The reports recommends minimizing exposures, especially for children and pregnant women in “sensitive areas.”  




ANSES has funded various measurement campaigns and reviewed research since 2010 finding  highest values of ELF-EMF were found in the immediate vicinity of electrical facilities such as transformers, substations and high-voltage transmission lines that create full-body, chronic, day/night exposures. Household appliances inside homes also generate high levels of magnetic fields that tend to be short exposures localized to the area around the appliance.


The Agency reiterated their 2010 conclusions and issued updated recommendations to reduce ELF-EMF exposure including:
  • New schools and hospitals should NOT be in close proximity to high-voltage power lines. 
  • Better controls and reductions are needed for occupational exposures especially for pregnant women. The Agency highlighted that research has found the exposure to the fetus in some situations may be higher than public exposure limits, and women should  be better informed. 
  • Manufacturers of industrial machines which emit ELF-EMF should measure the associated exposures and provide customers/users with technical information on these exposures. 
  • Current regulations only regulate exposure levels close to transmission lines, and the Agency now recommends extending regulations to include all sources of ELF-EMF exposure to the general population. 


Associations between ELF-EMF magnetic fields and childhood leukemia have been consistently found at levels between 2 and 4 milligauss, levels that can be found in homes in close proximity to high-voltage power lines. ANSES funded a study by a team from Inserm and the University Hospital of Caento to quantify how many children in France were exposed to such levels and found approximately 40,000 children less than 15 years of age are exposed at home to magnetic fields greater than 4 milligauss, and approximately 8,000 children are enrolled in a school where magnetic fields are greater than 4 milligauss. Research by the National Research and Safety Institute for the Prevention of Work Accidents and Occupational Diseases (INRS) and the Pension and Occupational Health Insurance Funds (Carsat) showed that some professionals may be exposed to very high ELF-EMF levels, even higher than legal limits in particular situations such as when using certain industrial machines.


Numerous research studies on ELF-EMFs have found a myriad of effects including cancer, synergistic effects, impacts to sleep and stressing bees.   Recently, Kaiser Permanente researchers published a replication study linking pregnant women’s exposure to electromagnetic fields with increased miscarriage. Kaiser research also has found increased obesity and asthma in prenatally exposed children.  


“Several countries have enacted policies to minimize exposure to residents, especially when it comes to children in homes, schools and parks,” stated Theodora Scarato, Executive Director of Environmental Health Trust. Scarato pointed to the EHT database on international policy, which documents the dozens of policies by countries around the world to minimize ELF-EMF exposures. “However, the United States has no safety limits for this type of electromagnetic field; and here in the USA, homes, schools and parks are built directly underneath high-voltage powerlines and beside electricity substations. As an example, in my town, the power company created a biking path directly underneath their high-voltage powerline, and the action was heralded as a benefit to the community. In some countries, this would be illegal.” 


Scarato highlights examples of how several countries have policies in place to strictly minimize exposure to ELF-EMF including: 


  • The Netherlands: Since 2005, policy to reduce ELF-EMF near homes, schools and kindergartens. In 2013, the government had a buyout of houses directly under high tension power lines 380-220 kV. 2018 Report by the Health Council of The Netherlands confirms previous findings of an association to cancer, reiterates recommendations to reduce ELF-EMF. 
  • Germany: 2013 Ordinance recommends to exhaust all possibilities to minimize ELF-EMF and 220 kV lines may not be erected over buildings “intended for the long-term presence of humans.”
  • Israel: The Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Health maximum permissible level of exposure to ELF in places of prolonged chronic exposure, such as schools and residences, is 4 mG (milligauss). 
  • French Polynesia: 2017 EMF public awareness campaign recommends reducing exposure including, “distance yourself and others at least 1 to 1.5 meters (3 to 4.5 feet) away from induction stovetop or any appliance capable of generating electromagnetic waves such as your refrigerator.” 
  • France: A ministerial recommendation advises to avoid as much as possible the creation of new hospitals, maternity wards and childcare facilities near power lines, cables, transformers and bus bars where children are exposed to a magnetic field stronger than 1 microtesla. The grid operator has the legal obligation to monitor EMF near power lines, and citizens can request ELF-EMF measurements from local power lines via their mayor.
  • Slovenia: ELF Limits at 10% of the EU Council Recommendation reference value for new and modified installations in the vicinity of flats, schools, kindergartens, hospitals, sanatoriums, playgrounds, parks, recreation areas and public buildings.  
  • Denmark: Utilities measure magnetic fields at new installations: The annual average is supposed to not exceed 4 milligauss, and no kindergartens or new buildings are to be built in the vicinity of a high-voltage line. 
  • Switzerland: Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection Act has precautionary limit values for new installations. 
  • Croatia: Reduced electric and magnetic field limits for  ‘sensitive areas’ which is defined a homes, offices, schools, playgrounds, kindergartens, maternity wards, hospitals, homes for the elderly and disabled. 
  • Luxemburg: Ministerial recommendation not to create any new living spaces in the immediate vicinity of overhead power lines (within 20 metres for 65 kilovolt lines and 30 metres for 100 to 220 kilovolt lines).
  • Finland: The Radiation Safety Authority (STUK) recommends avoiding the construction of permanent residences in areas where the magnetic flux density continuously exceeds the level of approximately 0.4 microtesla.
  • Norway: Government has an “Investigation level” of 0.4 microtesla (annual average) applicable  to new homes, kindergartens and schools, and new power lines. If exceeded, they must evaluate possible methods for reducing exposure, but are only required to implement reduction measures if they are evaluated as “reasonable.”
  • Italy: 2017 Decree of the Environment Minister recommends reducing to as low as possible the indoor exposure to ELF-EMFs induced by electrical systems. In addition, a precautionary “attention value” applies to 24-hour median exposure in homes, playgrounds, schools and places where people can stay for more than 4 hours.  
  • Belgium: In Flanders, new power lines over schools and childcare centers should be avoided and passing over homes kept to a minimum. New schools and childcare centers should not have more than 4 milligauss year-averaged exposure. In Brussels, a ministerial instruction requires that the magnetic field levels in places near newly installed transformers where children less than 15 years of age may stay is kept below a 24-hour average of 4 milligauss.  


Please link to Environmental Health Trust in reposting this press release. This information on international policy is also documented in the EHT international database on EMF policy here. Unless hyperlinked, sources for these policies are from The Netherlands Government Report “Comparison of international policies on electromagnetic fields” commissioned by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment. 


The USA used to have a robust Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) research program on EMF before it was defunded. A 2002 Report by the California Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Program (a program also now defunct) concluded, “To one degree or another, all three of the DHS scientists are inclined to believe that EMFs can cause some degree of increased risk of childhood leukemia, adult brain cancer, Lou Gehrig's Disease, and miscarriage.” 

The California Department of Education enacted regulations (Title 5, Section 14010) that require minimum distances between a new school and the edge of a transmission line “right-of-way.” The school setback distances are 100 feet for 50-133 kV lines, 150 feet for 220-230 kV lines, and 350 feet for 500-550 kV lines. There is a history of out-of-court settlements related to EMF exposure from high-voltage transmission lines. For example, Massachusetts Electric, a subsidiary of New England Electric System, agreed to an out-of-court financial settlement to avoid a lawsuit by the family of a child who contracted acute myeloid leukemia. The magnetic fields inside the front bedroom of the family home reached as high as 37 mG. 



Reducing Personal Exposure to ELF-EMF from Electronics and Electrical Appliances. 


ELF-EMF fields from electronics and appliances fall off rapidly with distance. At one foot away the field is generally reduced. At two to three feet, it is significantly reduced. Experts are less concerned about the brief exposures to ELF-EMF we encounter every day but more concerned about longer-term exposures, such as every night.
  • Do not sleep near a charging cell phone or a charging laptop or digital device. Always charge devices away from sleeping/living  spaces and preferable during the daytime. Charging generates high EMFs near the cord and batteries can catch fire during charging.
  • Do not use a cell phone while it is charging as the ELF-EMF field is high. Likewise- try to use your laptop on battery , rather than while charging. Always unplug the laptop once it is charged.
  • Corded alarm clocks and radios can have intense EMFs, so replace your alarm clock with a battery powered alarm clock. This will reduce your exposure at night.
  • Do not sleep with your head or body near a wall that has the electric panel, electric meter or appliance on the other side.
  • Unplug appliances and electronics such as TV’s and microwaves ovens when not in use. This reduces ELF and also reduces energy consumption. An easy way to do this for electronics is to get a powerstrip that you can easily switch off.
  • Remove electronics from the bedroom—especially around your bed and the crib.
  • Avoid sleeping with electric blankets and heating pads; if you use an electric blanket to preheat your bed, unplug it before sleeping. If you only turn it off, the EMF will still be present.
  • Do not stand near a microwave oven when it is on.
  • EMFs from electrical wiring can be reduced if you flip the switch on the breaker for the electrical circuits near the bedroom at night. However circuits are not designed to be flipped every night so we recommend getting a “kill switch” set up in your home so all you have to do is flip one switch at night to turn off breakers all at once.
  • Get a magnetic field meter to take measurements in your home. If your ELF measurements show high levels in your home, it could be faulty wiring which an electrician can fix. Often simple fixes can greatly reduce ELF-EMF exposure.
  • Take measurements in your home if you live near powerlines because levels can be high throughout the house from the EMF emanating from high voltage powerlines.




Theodora Scarato
Executive Director 
Environmental Health Trust 

mercoledì 31 maggio 2017

SENTENZA STORICA

Cari amici altra sentenza STORICA nell'ambito dell'inquinamento elettromagnetico. Il giudice riconosce la correlazione tra una malattia oncologica e l'esposizione alle basse frequenze emesse da una centrale adibita alla produzione di energia elettrica.Comprendiamo molto bene  la fondamentale portata di questa sentenza soprattutto per chi è stato esposto ad induzioni magnetiche derivanti da ELETTRODOTTI,CABINE DI TRASFORMAZIONE,ecc.

Ancora una volta bisogna riconoscere il fondamentale ruolo peritale di uno tra i più grandi conoscitori (A LIVELLO MONDIALE!) degli effetti biologico/sanitari derivanti dalle radiazioni non ionizzanti sia di alta che di bassa frequenza.

Nulla più come prima...

Paolo. 


http://mattinopadova.gelocal.it/regione/2017/05/29/news/campi-elettromagnetici-causa-del-tumore-vince-la-causa-1.15411513


qui c'è il testo della sentenza
https://1drv.ms/b/s!AuN6JxOMOslJgaM8N2DIH3biCLdowQ


lunedì 29 febbraio 2016

Storico e fondamentale studio dell'Istituto Ramazzini sulla promozione della carcinogenesi


https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1GhJHrUeNYnclZKTDVJXzR4MzA/view?usp=sharing




Storico e fondamentale studio condotto dall'Istituto Ramazzini di Bologna (che conferma i precedenti lavori pubblicati dai ricercatori tedeschi) su migliaia di ratti in cui si dimostra in modo acclarato la correlazione tra esposizione a basse frequenze ( 50 hZ, vedi elettrodotti..) + associazione a radiazioni gamma, e il processo di PROMOZIONE  nelle fasi della carcinogenesi. Nel dettaglio le neoplasie che si sono sviluppate dopo il processo di irradiazione (ratti soppressi dopo 2 anni) sono:

1) carcinomi mammari nel maschio e nella femmina
2) Schwannoma ( tumore cardiaco)
3) Leucemia e linfoma


(a) A significant dose-related increased incidence of mammary adenocarcinomas [breast cancer] in males and females in particular in males exposed to 20μT plus 0.1Gy and in females exposed to 1,000μT plus 0.1 Gy;
(b) In males a significant dose-related increased incidence of heart malignant schwannomas with a significant increase among males exposed to 20μT plus 0.1Gy [statisticallly significant] and to 1,000μT plus 0.1 Gy; and
(c) A significant increased incidence of hematopoietic neoplasias [leukemia and lymphoma] in males treated at 1,000μT plus 0.1 Gy.
Nel grafico sottostante vengono riassunti i dati dello ricerca.

Perentorio le conclusioni del gruppo di ricerca:

These results call for a re-evaluation of the safety of non-ionizing radiation"..   questi risultati richiedono una rivalutazione della sicurezza delle radiazioni non ionizzanti. 
Magari classificandole come PROBABILI CANCEROGENI. Con buona pace dell'ICNIRP (n.d.r).

Paolo.
   


Immagine incorporata 1



    giovedì 14 agosto 2014

    Arona: il Sindaco chiede l'interramento delle linee elettriche della TERNA

    Recente notizia sulla stampa locale secondo la quale il sindaco richiede a Terna che il previsto raddoppio delle linee di alta tensione che attraversano il comune venga realizzato con interramento.


    martedì 12 agosto 2014

    Attenzione alle auto ibride ! attenzione al campo magnetico allo interno ...

    Nonostante che nel 2001 WHO tramite IARC ha sentenziato i campi elettromagnetici ad estreme basse frequenze siano possibili cancerogeni, nella progettazione delle auto ibride, dove chiaramente la propulsione è elettrica e quindi una presenza massiccia di batterie e sistemi di ricarica , non si è tenuto conto del campo magnetico che l'autista subisce.

    Si propongono delle linee guida nella progettazione di tali auto, ma sono rigettate  tirando il ballo i soliti valori (alti) dell'ICNIRP.





    Hybrid and Electric Automobiles Should Be Re-Designed to Reduce Electromagnetic Radiation Risks (rev.)
    Hybrid and electric cars may be cancer-causing as they emit extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic radiation (EMR) or magnetic fields. Recent studies of the levels of EMR emitted by these automobiles have claimed either that they pose a cancer risk for the vehicles’ occupants or they are safe.
    Unfortunately, the little research conducted on this issue has been industry-funded by companies with vested interests on one side of the issue or the other which makes it difficult to know which studies are trustworthy.
    Meanwhile, numerous peer-reviewed laboratory studies conducted over several decades have found biologic effects from very limited exposures to ELF EMR. These studies suggest that the EMR guidelines established by the self-appointed, International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) are inadequate to protect our health. Thus, even if EMR measurements do not exceed the ICNIRP guidelines, occupants of hybrid and electric automobiles may be at increased risk for cancer and other health problems.
    Given that magnetic fields have been considered «possibly carcinogenic» in humans by the International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization since 2001, the precautionary principle dictates that we should design consumer products to minimize consumers’ exposure to ELF EMR. This especially applies to hybrid and electric automobiles as drivers and passengers spend considerable amounts of time in these vehicles and health risks increase with the duration of exposure.
    In January of this year, SINTEF, the largest independent research organization in Scandinavia, proposed manufacturing design guidelines that could reduce the magnetic fields in electric vehicles (see below). All automobile manufacturers should follow these guidelines to ensure their customers’ safety.
    The public should demand that governments adequately fund high-quality research on the health effects of electromagnetic radiation that is independent of industry to eliminate any potential conflicts of interest. In the U.S., a major national research and education initiative could be funded with as little as a 5 cents a month fee on mobile phone subscribers.
    Following are summaries and links to several news articles on this topic.

    Design guidelines to reduce the magnetic field in electric vehicles
    SINTEF, Jan 6, 2014
    Based on the measurements and on extensive simulation work the project arrived on the following design guidelines to, if necessary, minimize the magnetic field in electric vehicles.
    Cables
    For any DC cable carrying significant amount of current, it should be made in the form of a twisted pair so that the currents in the pair always flow in the opposite directions. This will minimise its EMF emission.
    For three-phase AC cables, three wires should be twisted and made as close as possible so as to minimise its EMF emission.
    All power cables should be positioned as far away as possible from the passenger seat area, and their layout should not form a loop. If cable distance is less than 200mm away from the passenger seats, some forms of shielding should be adopted.
    A thin layer of ferromagnetic shield is recommended as this is cost-effective solution for the reduction of EMF emission as well EMI emission.
    Where possible, power cables should be laid such a way that they are separated from the passenger seat area by a steel sheet, e.g., under a steel metallic chassis, or inside a steel trunk.
    Motors
    Where possible, the motor should be installed farther away from the passenger seat area, and its rotation axis should not point to the seat region.
    If weight permits, the motor housing should be made of steel, rather than aluminium, as the former has a much better shielding effect.
    If the distance of the motor and passenger seat area is less than 500mm, some forms of shielding should be employed. For example, a steel plate could be placed between the motor and the passenger seat region
    Motor housing should be electrically well connected to the vehicle metallic chassis to minimise any electrical potential.
    Inverter and motor should be mounted as close as possible to each other to minimise the cable length between the two.
    Batteries
    Since batteries are distributed, the currents in the batteries and in the interconnectors may become a significant source for EMF emission, they should be place as far away as possible from the passenger seat areas. If the distance between the battery and passenger seat area is less than 200mm, steel shields should be used to separate the batteries and the seating area.
    The cables connecting battery cells should not form a loop, and where possible, the interconnectors for the positive polarity should be as close as possible to those of the negative polarity.
    http://bit.ly/1qw29Tb

    Magnetic Fields in Electric Cars Won’t Kill You
    Jeremy Hsu, IEEE Spectrum, May 5, 2014
    Summary
    “The study, led by SINTEF, an independent research organization headquartered in Trondheim, Norway, measured the electromagnetic radiation—in the lab and during road tests—of seven different electric cars, one hydrogen-powered car, two gasoline-fueled cars and one diesel-fueled car. Results from all conditions showed that the exposure was less than 20 percent of the limit recommended by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP).”
    “Measurements taken inside the vehicles—using a test dummy with sensors located in the head, chest and feet—showed exposure at less than 2 percent of the non-ionizing radiation limit at head-height. The highest electromagnetic field readings—still less than 20 percent of the limit—were found near the floor of the electric cars, close to the battery. Sensors picked up a burst of radiation that same level, when the cars were started.”
    http://bit.ly/1pUuOxB

    Mythbuster: EMF levels in hybrids
    Consumer Reports News: August 4, 2010
    Summary
    “Some concern has been raised about the possible health effects of electromagnetic field radiation, known as EMF, for people who drive in hybrid cars. While all electrical devices, from table lamps to copy machines, emit EMF radiation, the fear is that hybrid cars, with their big batteries and powerful electric motors, can subject occupants to unhealthy doses. The problem is that there is no established threshold standard that says what an unhealthy dose might be, and no concrete, scientific proof that the sort of EMF produced by electric motors harms people
    “We found the highest EMF levels in the Chevrolet Cobalt, a conventional non-hybrid small sedan.”
    [The peak EMF readings at the driver’s feet ranged from 0.5 mG (milligauss) in the 2008 Toyota Highlander to 30 mG in the Chevrolet Cobalt. The hybrids tested at 2-4 mG. Here are some highlights from the tests. EMF readings were highest in the driver’s foot well and second-highest at the waist, much lower higher up, where human organs might be more susceptible to EMF.
    “To get a sense of scale, though, note that users of personal computers are subject to EMF exposure in the range of 2 to 20 mG, electric blankets 5 to 30 mG, and a hair dryer 10 to 70 mG, according to an Australian government compilation. In this country, several states limit EMF emissions from power lines to 200 mG. However, there are no U.S. standards specifically governing EMF in cars.”
    “In this series of tests, we found no evidence that hybrids expose drivers to significantly more EMF than do conventional cars. Consider this myth, busted.”
    http://bit.ly/TN5q2r

    Israel Preps World’s First Hybrid Car Radiation Scale
    Tal Bronfer, the truth about cars, March 1, 2010
    Summary
    “The Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) recommends a limit of 1,000 mG (milligauss) for a 24 hour exposure period. While other guidelines pose similar limits, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) deemed extended exposure to electromagnetic fields stronger than 2 mG to be a “possible cause” for cancer. Israel’s Ministry of Health recommends a maximum of 4 mG.”
    “Last year, Israeli automotive website Walla! Cars conducted a series of tests on the previous generation Toyota Prius, Honda Insight and Honda Civic Hybrid, and recorded radiation figures of up to 100 mG during acceleration. Measurements also peaked when the batteries were either full (and in use) or empty (and being charged from the engine), while normal driving at constant speeds yielded 14 to 30 mG on the Prius, depending on the area of the cabin.
    The Ministry of Environmental Protection is expected to publish the results of the study this week. The study will group hybrids sold in Israel into three different radiation groups, reports Israel’s Calcalist. It’s expected that the current-gen Prius will be deemed ‘safe’, while the Honda Insight and Civic Hybrid (as well as the prev-gen Prius) will be listed as emitting ‘excessive’ radiation.”
    http://bit.ly/1pUu7Ep

    Fear, but Few Facts, on Hybrid Risk
    Jim Motavalli, New York Times, Apr 27, 2008
    Summary
    “... concern is not without merit; agencies including the National Institutes of Health and the National Cancer Institute acknowledge the potential hazards of long-term exposure to a strong electromagnetic field, or E.M.F., and have done studies on the association of cancer risks with living near high-voltage utility lines.
    While Americans live with E.M.F.’s all around — produced by everything from cellphones to electric blankets — there is no broad agreement over what level of exposure constitutes a health hazard, and there is no federal standard that sets allowable exposure levels. Government safety tests do not measure the strength of the fields in vehicles — though Honda and Toyota, the dominant hybrid makers, say their internal checks assure that their cars pose no added risk to occupants.”
    “A spokesman for Honda, Chris Martin, points to the lack of a federally mandated standard for E.M.F.’s in cars. Despite this, he said, Honda takes the matter seriously. “All our tests had results that were well below the commission’s standard,” Mr. Martin said, referring to the European guidelines. And he cautions about the use of hand-held test equipment. “People have a valid concern, but they’re measuring radiation using the wrong devices,” he said.”
    “Donald B. Karner, president of Electric Transportation Applications in Phoenix, who tested E.M.F. levels in battery-electric cars for the Energy Department in the 1990s, said it was hard to evaluate readings without knowing how the testing was done. He also said it was a problem to determine a danger level for low-frequency radiation, in part because dosage is determined not only by proximity to the source, but by duration of exposure. “We’re exposed to radio waves from the time we’re born, but there’s a general belief that there’s so little energy in them that they’re not dangerous,” he said.”
    http://nyti.ms/TAQZxL

    lunedì 11 agosto 2014

    La Corte costituzionale Brasiliana impone una riduzione dei limiti di esposizione ai tralicci della alta tensione

    Dopo una vertenza legale intentata da comitati di cittadini di SanPaolo contro una società elettrica , alla fine la Corte Costituzionale ha sentenziato di ridurre il limite di esposizione a 1 microTesta.

    NB che in Italia c'è 10 microT con 3 microT per I nuovi impianti.

    E stiamo parlando di una delle maggiori potenze economiche mondiali del grippo del BRICS, quindi ossessionate dal mito dell'incremento che PIL, anno per anno e quindi della necessità di avere le risorse sempre a minor prezzo, come la energia elettrica !

    Notizia importante
    __________________________________________________________________________



    The Brazilian Judiciary determined to reduce the level of electromagnetic pollution generated by

    power lines to standard adopted by Swiss law (1.0 microtesla).

    Two associations of residents in Sao Paulo — the largest city of Brazil — proposed the action.

    The plaintiff has pleaded to not be exposed to electromagnetic fields incompatible with the human

    health.

    The electromagnetic fields generated by power lines that cross these areas is 10 times greater than

    the level determined by the court. The judgment of the Court of State of Sao Paulo (Tribunal de

    Justica de Sao Paulo) has determined that the concessionaire of electric power reduces the

    electromagnetic field generated by power lines that pass through these neighborhoods.

    The decision applied the provisions of the Brazilian Federal Constitution — which declare the

    protection of health and the balanced environment — and the precautionary principle contained in

    the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (1992), also known as the Rio

    Summit, which intended to protect the population against damage to health and the environment.

    Judge Renato Nalini, who has several matters published on the protection to the environment,

    pronounced the majority opinion. It recognized "the great possibility of the electromagnetic field

    of low frequency to be carcinogenic agent in human beings".

    The opinion, which widely examined the international research and the pioneering book on the

    subject in Brazil, written by Elza Boiteux, Professor of University of Sao Paulo (Universidade de

    Sao Paulo — USP) and Fernando Boiteux, concluded: "obligation of the concessionaire of electric

    power in reducing the electromagnetic field of the power line to 1.0 μT (one microtesla)." Martin

    Blank has participated at the public hearing to explain the risk of electromagnetic fields to human

    health based on his research about this subject for over thirty years. His last published book about

    is Overpowered (2014).

    This judgment puts the Brazilian Judiciary at the same level of others international courts in

    defense of the environment and shows the relevance of the research on the risks of

    electromagnetic fields.

    The concessionaire of electric power filed an appeal to the Brazilian Constitutional Court

    (Supremo Tribunal Federal). The Justice Rapporteur designated a public hearing (took place on

    March 6th, 7th and 8th, 2013) to consult experts on non-ionizing radiation, public health,

    consumers and other interested sectors of the society.

    The Brazilian Supreme Court has not decided to take the case yet.
    Power lines at sunset image via Shutterstock.

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    Terms of

    martedì 10 giugno 2014

    Vertenza a Benevento contro Terna per un anomalo e non sicuro interramento dei cavi


    Qui la storia

    Grazie per avermi risposto... Capisco le tue perplessità e quindi ti spiego com'è la situazione a Benevento.

    La Terna avrebbe dovuto interrare parte di n. 5 EL a 150KV  al fine di alleggerire la situazione su una buona parte del territorio comunale e costruire un nuovo EL a 380 KV da BN a Foggia al posto di uno vecchio da demolire. Senonchè l'interramento era previsto al di sotto di una pista ciclopedonale (luogo di svago e non di transito) frequentatissima e in luoghi molto belli. Terna con il progetto esecutivo ha però modificato la configurazione dei progetti autorizzati e soprattutto ha dichiarato che i CEM sono pari a...97,7 microtesla ( naturalmente secondo loro...comunque al disotto dei 100). L'associazione di cui faccio parte ha chiesto al Sindaco l'emanazione di un'ordinanza urgente a tutela della salute pubblica , ordinanza che è stata emanata , poi opposta dalla Terna dinanzi al TAR Lazio che non ha concesso la sospensiva, rinviando l'udienza al merito e a novembre per evidenziare se siano possibili alternative. Pertanto, in questo caso l'interramento, eseguito con progetto difforme rispetto a quello approvato, avrebbe provocato il mancato utilizzo della pista ciclabile,in considerazione dell'altissimo valore di CEM dichiarato da Terna.Le considerazioni del ricorso sull'obiettivo di qualità da perseguire in caso di nuovi EL farebbero veramente ridere, se non si trattasse della salute dei cittadini. Tralascio le considerazioni sull'arroganza della Terna, anche perché stiamo combattendo contro la pretesa di realizzare nuove stazioni elettriche sempre sul territorio comunaei, che aumenterebbero la connessione ad altri impianti eolici e centrali di produzione.Continuerò a seguirvi, anche perché abbiamo notato che adesso c'è una forte opposizione aTerna un po' in tutta Italia e quindi è importante condividere le varie esperienze.ti ringrazio per l'attenzione.

    Alessandra Sandrucci




    associazione per la città sostenibile contro il malaffare

    via Girolamo Vitelli, 90 – Benevento



    COMUNICATO STAMPA


     Quando il 10 febbraio di quest'anno chiedemmo al sindaco di firmare l'ordinanza per il blocco dei lavori per un cavidotto lungo la pista ciclabile a Contrada Pantano, a causa dell'inquinamento elettromagnetico previsto, molti sostennero che la nostra proposta fosse azzardata perchè il Comune non poteva sostituirsi al Ministero che aveva concesso l'autorizzazione.
     Il sindaco firmò e la Terna, società a capitale pubblico, rispose con parole di fuoco " la nostra società sta provvedendo alla impugnazione innanzi al TAR per il Lazio...in quella sede provvederemo anche a richiedere la Vostra condanna al risarcimento di tutti i danni conseguenti alla sospensione dei lavori."
    - Ieri il TAR ha respinto la richiesta di sospensiva dell'ordinanza del Comune ritenendo di dover acquisire tutti gli atti del procedimento in esame e di dover discutere la questione nel merito.
     Si tratta di un risultato importante non solo perchè conferma il blocco dei lavori e impone a Terna di trovare altre soluzioni. La stessa società ha ammesso che l'inquinamento elettromagnetico previsto dal progetto pari a 97,7 microTesla e perciò avversato dai comitati e dal Comune , può essere ridotto di almeno dieci volte,  ma questo comunque non è sufficiente. Il limite da rispettare, infatti, è di 3 micro tesla e comunque il cavidotto non può essere realizzato sotto la pista ciclopedonale. Questa decisione del TAR dimostra che TERNA, benchè società pubblica, non può avere sempre ragione a prescindere da ogni cosa. Infatti, quando i cittadini si mobilitano e si organizzano adeguatamente, possono riuscire ad imporle un comportamento meno  arrogante e più rispettoso delle leggi.
    Adesso aspettiamo TERNA al confronto con il coordinamento unitario dei Comitati e associazioni cittadine e il Comune di Benevento per ridiscutere tutto il piano di interventi degli elettrodotti compresa la nuova stazione elettrica.
    per Altrabenevento
    Vincenzo Fioretti                        Alessandra Sandrucci