Syndication

mercoledì 18 ottobre 2017

In calo il numero di scuole con wifi ?

L’annuale indagine di Legambiente sulla qualità dell’edilizia scolastica di quest’anno  è riportata in questo articolo 
https://www.orizzontescuola.it/piu-certificati-sicurezza-edifici-scolastici-inquinamento-elettromagnetico-scuola-aumento-reti-cablate-diminuiscono-wifi/

e si dice che 

Rispetto all’inquinamento elettromagnetico i monitoraggi da Basse Frequenze e da Alte Frequenze, risultano entrambi quasi pari allo zero, ma diminuiscono sia gli edifici in prossimità di elettrodotti (3,1%) che di antenne cellulari (14,9%), mentre aumentano quelli nelle vicinanze di emittenti radio televisive (1,5%). In crescita le scuole con reti cablate (11,9%), in calo quelle connesse con wi-fi (37,9%).


Sara vero ?!     speriamo 

domenica 8 ottobre 2017

Interessante programma di Icaro TV su norme di sicurezza per l'uso di oggetti che emettono campi elettromagnetici



Vi rimando alla intervista fatta al Prof Fausto Bersani, consulente di Federconsumatori


https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1062&v=_bvR7cV4E90

mercoledì 20 settembre 2017

Presentati i risultati della ricerca del National Toxicology Program (USA): si evidenziano modifiche al DNA

... 'seconde' anticipazioni dei risultati del più grande e costoso progetto di ricerca finanziato sulla evidenzi azione degli effetti delle RF sulla salute, sono stati presentati giorni fa ad un congresso scientifico.

La sperimentazione è stata eseguita su topi e ratti ed, in sintesi, sono stati accertati dei danni cromosomici e danni al DNA ... e essi concludono che:  " la esposizione a RF ha il potenziale per indurre danni misurabili del DNA sotto certe condizioni di esposizione ..." 

I lavori saranno pubblicati completamente ad inizi 2018. Il progetto era stato richiesto e finanziato da FDA (Ministero per Alimentazione e Medicina americano) nel 1999.

Si va verso una sempre maggiore chiarezza !
Ora WHO cambierà la propria impostazione ?  oppure ICNIRP (che continua a spergiurare che gli effetti sono solo quelli termici) riuscirà a tenere bloccato il WHO ?!




Updated Sep 20, 2017


Scientists from the National Toxicology Program presented their data on the genotoxicity of cell phone radiation in rats and mice at the annual meeting of the Environmental Mutagenesis and Genomics Society held in Raleigh, North Carolina from September 9-13, 2017.

Male and female rats and mice were exposed to 2G cell phone radiation, either CDMA or GSM, for 18 hours per day in 10 minute intervals. The rats were exposed to cell phone radiation at 1.5, 3, or 6 W/kg specific absorption rate (SAR) for 19 weeks from gestation day 5. The mice were exposed to radiation at 2.5, 5, or 10 W/kg SAR for 13 weeks from postnatal day 5.

DNA damage was assessed in three brain regions, in liver cells and in blood leukocytes using the comet assay. Chromosomal damage was assessed in peripheral blood erythrocytes using the micronucleus assay. 

DNA damage was significantly increased:

  • in the frontal cortex of male mice from either CDMA or GSM cell phone radiation exposure, 
  • in peripheral leukocytes of female mice from CDMA exposure, and
  • in the hippocampus of male rats from CDMA exposure.
There were no significant increases in micronucleated red blood cells in rats or mice. 

The authors concluded that, "exposure to RFR [radio frequency radiation] has the potential to induce measurable DNA damage under certain exposure conditions."

The NTP is scheduled to publish a complete report about its cell phone radiation studies in early 2018. The FDA called for this research in 1999.

Here is the abstract for this presentation.


Paper presented at annual meeting of Environmental Mutagenesis and Genomics Society,
Raleigh, North Carolina, September 9-13, 2017.

Cosa dicono le società delle telefonia e le assicurazioni sui rischi associati allo utilizzo delle radiofrequenze ?

Vi allego un documento molto interessante ed utile:

ci sono le dichiarazioni che alcune società della telefonia e non, come anche quelle assicurative internazionali, che dicono ai propri investitori sui pericoli (per loro ovviamente, ovvero per la redditività delle loro azioni) provenienti dallo esito negativo di sentenze della magistratura e dalla futura evidenzi azione scientifica degli effetti delle radiofrequenze sulla salute umana.

https://www.dropbox.com/s/x2s6drw2mz13q2t/Telecom-10-K-Liability-and-Insurance-Companies-Slides-EHT-6-2016.pdf?dl=0



si dice :

... nessuna assicurazione che futuri studi correlino i telefoni agli effetti sulla salute
...se le posizioni di WHO subiranno delle modifiche sono prevedibili modiche delle legislazioni nazionali
...se la sensazione di rischio sarà sostanziato ...
... noi non assicuriamo le aziende per questi rischi ...  (diverse le grandi cmpagnie di assicurazioni che ribadiscono la loro decisione di stare lontano dalla telefonia ! )
...siamo impegnati in diversi procedimenti giudiziali ...
... con il forte incremento della esposizione alle RF una relazione con la salute è stato stabilito per cui si apre le porte a rivendizaioni legali con conseguenti forti perdite ...

portale degli hotel senza wifi


qui sotto c'è il link ad un portale con le strutture alberghiere che NON hanno wifi

http://hotels-ohne-wlan.com/en/


una decina in Italia ...

domenica 17 settembre 2017

Associazione USA su Tumore al Cervello condanna la 5G

L'associazione californiana sul Tumore al Cervello ha condannato la approvazione di una legge che implementa la telefonia 5G.

Ricorda anche come le votazioni nel parlamento californiano hanno dimostrato uno scarso vantaggio numerico e molti astenuti.

In particolare sostiene il dubbio della incongruità secondo cui i vigili del fuoco hanno ottenuto che lo loro stazioni non abbiano ripetitori di telefonia, mentre si accetta che chi abita di fronte ad una stazione dei vigili del fuoco può avere una bella antenna ?!





The Calif. Brain Tumor Assn. condemned passage of a bill Sept. 14 that allows proliferation of cell towers for the new 4G and 5G cellphone transmitting devices.
The Calif. Assembly voted 46-16 with 17 abstentions and the Senate voted 22-10 with 18 abstentions for a bill that forces local communities to lease their land to telecom companies for the new generation of cell towers that are needed every 5-10 houses according to some estimates. It now goes before Gov. Jerry Brown who could veto or not veto it.

CBTA said, "The burning question Gov. Brown should be asking himself as he makes a decision that could change California forever is this: If we exempt fire stations to protect firefighters, why are we allowing cell towers throughout neighborhoods, in front of preschools, schools, hidden in church steeples, on lampposts, utility poles and on most public buildings if these are too dangerous for fire stations?"
Ellie Marks
Ellen Marks, Executive Director, California Brain Tumor Association
CBTA noted that the League of California Cities said the bill “unnecessarily and unconstitutionally strips local authority over public property and shuts out public input and local discretion by eliminating consideration of the aesthetic and environmental impacts of ‘small cells.’”
Senator Ben HuesoSenator Ben Hueso
The bill, the League said, represents “a major shift in telecommunications policy and law by requiring local governments to lease out the public’s property, cap how much cities can lease this space out for, eliminate the ability for cities to negotiate public benefits, the public’s input and full discretionary review in all communities of the state except for areas in coastal zones and historic districts, for the installation of “small cell” wireless equipment.”
Equipment Is Not “Small”
It further said, “Despite the wireless industry’s claim that the equipment would be ‘small’ in their attempt to justify this special permitting and price arrangement solely for their industry, the bill would allow for antennas as large as six cubic feet, equipment boxes totaling 35 cubic feet (larger than previous bill version of 21 cubic feet), with no size or quantity limitations for the following equipment: electric meters, pedestals, concealment elements, demarcation boxes, grounding equipment, power transfer switches, and cutoff switches.”
CBTA said 300 state cities have expressed strong opposition to SB 649, a bill designed to “fast track” the permitting of wireless and small cell telecommunications facilities in local communities. Mayors of six of California's largest cities have sent the AT&T-initiated bill’s sponsor, Senator Ben Hueso, a letter opposing the measure, said CBTA.
Said CBTA: “In spite of the telecom industry and SB 649’s sponsors selling this bill to underserved communities as a way to provide them the needed access to better wireless capabilities, The Greenlining Institute  http://greenlining.org has come out in opposition stating, “Under SB 649, it is likely that providers will focus any service improvements on high-income areas. SB 649 in no way guarantees that low-income communities and communities of color will gain increased access to advanced communications services.”
CBTA Cites Studies
CBTA, headed by executive director Ellen Marks, issued a press release that cited several studies pointing to the dangers of pulsed, electro-magnetic radiation.
DNA damage in those living close to a cell tower was documented in a new study by Electromagnetic Biol Med. 2017 Aug 4:1-11: “Impact of radiofrequency radiation on DNA damage and antioxidants in peripheral blood lymphocytes of humans residing in the vicinity of mobile phone base stations.”
Source: Zothansiama, Zosangzuali M, Lalramdinpuii M, Jagetia GC.:   Department of Zoology, Cancer and Radiation Biology Laboratory , Mizoram University, India. 
 “All of the recorded radiofrequency radiation (RFR) power density values in this study were well below the Federal Communication Commission’s maximum permissible exposure limits in the U.S. for the general population,” said Joel Moskowitz, Ph.D., University of Calif. Berkeley School of Public Health.
The study, said CBTA, follows on the heels of the major $25 million study recently released by the U.S. National Toxicology Program of the National Institutes of Health that found increased incidences of brain cancer, malignant tumors of the heart and DNA damage in laboratory animals from exposure levels the FCC considers "safe.”
The American Cancer Society’s statement on the significance of this new study was cited: “The NTP report linking radiofrequency radiation (RFR) to two types of cancer marks a paradigm shift in our understanding of radiation and cancer risk. The findings are unexpected; we wouldn’t reasonably expect non-ionizing radiation to cause these tumors.” 
Firefighters Exempted on “Health Grounds"
Firefighters received an exemption in SB 649 based upon potential harm to firefighters as evidenced by a 17-year history, beginning in 2000, when a small fire dept. sued Nextel for health damages related to neurological impairment after towers were activated next to their stations.
The Int’l Assn. of Firefighters in 2004 called for an extensive study of the effects that cell towers have on those in firehouses. Link:  health grounds. 
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FIRE FIGHTERS
DIVISION OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SAFETY AND MEDICINE 
Position on the Health Effects from Radio Frequency/Microwave (RF/MW) Radiation in Fire Department Facilities from Base Stations for Antennas and Towers for the Conduction of Cell Phone Transmissions 
The International Association of Fire Fighters’ position on locating cell towers commercial wireless infrastructure on fire department facilities, as adopted by its membership in August 2004 (1), is that the IAFF oppose the use of fire stations as base stations for towers and/or antennas for the conduction of cell phone transmissions until a study with the highest scientific merit and integrity on health effects of exposure to low-intensity RF/MW radiation is conducted and it is proven that such sitings are not hazardous to the health of our members.
Study Showed Health Effects
Medical writer Susan Foster described the symptoms suffered by these firefighters, some beginning the day the tower was activated just sevden feet from their living quarters. 
The men suffered from headache, insomnia, brain fog, getting lost in the same town they grew up in, sometimes forgetting protocol in routine medical procedures, mood swings and infertility.
In 2004 a SPECT brain pilot study was conducted on California firefighters who had lived in the shadow of a tower for over five years. SPECT is an imaging process that uncovers brain patterns. 
The study, conducted by Gunnar Heuser, MD, PhD, found brain abnormalities in all six men, including delayed reaction time, lack of impulse control, and cognitive impairment.
IAFF Demanded Moratorium
As a result, Resolution 15, a collaborative expert/firefighter effort calling for further study and a moratorium on placing cell towers on fire stations throughout the US and Canada, was passed by the International Association of Firefighters (IAFF) in Boston in 2004 by 80 percent. Cell tower health concerns were posted on the IAFF website.

Said CBTA: “Through an exemption in the bill, California legislators accept the need to protect the health of firefighters, some of whom have measurable brain abnormalities following years of exposure to cell towers near their stations.  SB 649 is in effect admitting that the devices that will be located in close proximity to homes and schools are likely dangerous. “
Calif. Finance Dept. Opposes Bill
The Calif. State Department of Finance has publicly declared opposition to the bill, says CBTA, quoting the Dept.
 “While the extent of the potential mandate is unknown, Finance believes it can easily approach $1 million per year. Finance opposes this bill. While statewide uniform rules can help the expansion of new technologies, this bill goes too far by usurping city and county zoning authority for infrastructure development, and it potentially imposes reimbursable, state-mandated costs on cities and counties.” 

giovedì 14 settembre 2017

Appello per una moratoria della installazione delle antenne 5G

E' stato predisposto un testo contenente un appello alla Comunità Europea ed alle altre istituzioni internazionali e nazionali , in più lingue tra cui l'italiano,  e firmato da oltre 180 scienziati e ricercatori italiani ed internazionali.

qui il link al documento   


L'obiettivo è chiedere un fermo dei programmi di avvio della 5G - con la installazione di un numero spropositato di NUOVE antenne che si SOMMANO  a tutte quelle esistenti, ma anche a quelle wifi - ..., senza aver verificato la effettiva pericolosità di questo ulteriore e massiccio incremento del livello di EMF che ci circonda.




mercoledì 13 settembre 2017

5G: negli USA triplicheranno le antenne

A detta del presidente della CTIA (praticamente la Confindustria della telefonia) ha precisato che la industria del wireless triplicherà il numero di stazioni radio base nei prossimi 5 anni per implementare il 5G !




The CTIA President and former FCC member, Meredith Atwell Baker, claimed In an interview that the wireless industry will triple the number of cell towers in the US in the next few years to expedite 5G deployment, from 150,000 to 450,000 cell towers:


"It will start rolling out next year, but we'll see more commercial rollouts in 2020. But that depends on getting the rules right for these networks. We're talking about cell sites the size of pizza boxes rather than 200-foot-tall towers. The industry in the past decade has rolled out 150,000 towers, and we'll be looking to roll out 300,000 in the next few years. What we're looking for is changes in infrastructure so we can roll this out faster and at an affordable cost."

--

Chief wireless lobbyist on the global race to 5G

Kim Hart, Axios, 9/11/2017

Photo caption: CTIA CEO Meredith Attwell Baker / CTIA
Mobile World Congress Americas kicks off today in San Francisco, and on the docket is plenty of talk about 5G technology and how it will power the Internet of Things, mobile entertainment and connected cars. Ahead of the show, Axios caught up with Meredith Attwell Baker, former Commerce Department official and FCC Commissioner who is now the wireless industry's chief lobbyist in Washington.
Why it matters: The wireless industry can't seem to get it's hands on enough airwaves to power networks to handle demand by smartphone-obsessed consumers. Wireless streaming and other content-rich applications are only increasing the competition for bandwidth. 5G networks take advantage of high-frequency airwaves that don't travel as far, raising the need for twice as many cell sites to power them.
Highlights from our chat:
5G networks will be 100 times faster with no lag time: "This is the network where you will see driverless cars, remote surgery and innovative education. In terms of capital spending, our members (carriers) are ready to spend $275 billion to invest in this."
Timing of 5G network rollouts: "It will start rolling out next year, but we'll see more commercial rollouts in 2020. But that depends on getting the rules right for these networks. We're talking about cell sites the size of pizza boxes rather than 200-foot-tall towers. The industry in the past decade has rolled out 150,000 towers, and we'll be looking to roll out 300,000 in the next few years. What we're looking for is changes in infrastructure so we can roll this out faster and at an affordable cost."
International threats to U.S. leadership: "It's certainly a global race to 5G. Countries have recognized that when you are first, that gives you the advantage in innovation and investment and jobs. China is conducting 100 trials this year. South Korea and Japan are rolling out quite rapidly. We did not win the race to 3G, but we did to 4G. And that's why three-quarters of app companies are based in the U.S. So it does make a difference."

How 5G can improve rural broadband coverage: "We'll see fixed 5G wireless first. That will bring a lot of broadband to rural areas that don't have it currently."
What's next in the spectrum pipeline: "There's no pipeline. We are looking for low-band, mid-band and high-band opportunities. We need to look for win-win scenarios with government spectrum. We are encouraged to see the administration has spectrum in its budget and plans."
What about unlicensed spectrum, such as white space proposals?: "When it comes to spectrum, I talk about licensed, unlicensed and shared. To meet America's growing needs we're going to need all of it."
https://www.axios.com/chief-wireless-lobbyist-the-global-race-to-5g-is-on-2483035325.html

lunedì 11 settembre 2017

si alla Fibra no al Wifi nelle aule bresciane

Buone notizie arrivano da Brescia    dove  I 106 istituti (dai nidi alle medie, visto che le superiori sono di competenza della Provincia) saranno collegati tra loro da una rete in fibra ottica a banda larga.

Questo eviterà l'utilizzo del wifi nelle aule (eccetto quella di informatica) per evitare l'inquinamento elettromagnetico, come chiaramente riportato dal assessore all'Istruzione .
Hanno di fatto anticipato il Decreto Galletti di inizio anno.

Bene ! 
Bisogna pubblicizzarlo agli altri Comuni e comprensori scolastici 


sabato 9 settembre 2017

Richiesta moratoria per le “sperimentazioni 5G” su tutto il territorio nazionale

Comunicato di ISDE

In data 2 agosto 2017 il Ministero per lo Sviluppo Economico (MISE) ha comunicato le graduatorie delle migliori proposte progettuali per quella che ha definito la “sperimentazione 5G”. A questa seguirà (scadenza 22 settembre 2017) la procedura negoziata e il rilascio dell’autorizzazione provvisoria alla sperimentazione per i progetti definitivi, che avverranno ad opera di noti operatori commerciali di telefonia mobile 12.
Obiettivo della “sperimentazione” è quello di installare e testare il sistema di comunicazione radiotelefonica 5G (“5th generation”) in tre grossi raggruppamenti metropolitani (aree metropolitane di Milano, Prato-l’Aquila e Bari-Matera) in previsione di una successiva adozione della nuova rete a livello nazionale nei prossimi anni.
Il 5G opererà su frequenze più elevate di quelle sino ad ora utilizzate dai sistemi di radiotelefonia (superiori ai 30GHz) e renderà necessaria l’installazione in area urbana di numerosissimi micro-ripetitori (con aumento della densità espositiva) a causa degli ostacoli alla trasmissione lineare di questo particolare tipo di segnale da parte di palazzi e aree verdi. In pratica esiste la possibilità che quasi ogni palazzo possa avere una micro-antenna 5G.
Circa 4 milioni di residenti saranno dunque esposti durante la “sperimentazione” a campi elettromagnetici ad alta frequenza con densità espositive e frequenze sino ad ora inesplorate su così ampia scala. Indipendentemente dagli effetti biologici più noti e generali dell’elettromagnetismo ad alta frequenza (ad esempio quelli che hanno portato la IARC a definirlo nel 2011 “possibile cancerogeno”, quelli successivi al 2011 in base ai quali i dubbi residui sulla cancerogenicità si sono ridotti al lumicino 3-8 e quelli sui possibili effetti riproduttivi 9-11, neurologici 12-17 e metabolici18-21), specifiche evidenze scientifiche preliminari hanno mostrato come l’esposizione a frequenze superiori ai 30 GHz possa alterare l’espressione genica cellulare 22-26, possa aumentare la temperatura della cute 27, stimolare la proliferazione delle cellule 28-30, alterare le proprietà delle membrane citoplasmatiche 3132 e la funzionalità dei sistemi neuro-muscolari 33-39 e modulare la sintesi di proteine coinvolte in processi infiammatori e immunologici 40, con potenziali effetti sistemici.
Sono certamente necessari ulteriori approfondimenti scientifici orientati ad esplorare in maniera più compiuta gli effetti biologici delle esposizioni a tali specifiche frequenze elettromagnetiche. Tuttavia, non si può negare che le evidenze già esistenti, seppur preliminari, giustifichino la possibilità di effetti sanitari sugli esposti (soprattutto sulle fasce più vulnerabili, come donne in gravidanza ed età pediatrica) successivi alla realizzazione di una “sperimentazione” tecnologica ideata per fini commerciali. A questo proposito, pur essendo la “sperimentazione” pianificata dal MISE possibile e attuabile in termini di legge, non appare etico ignorare le evidenze disponibili ed attendere la eventuale (ovviamente non auspicabile) dimostrazione a posteriori del danno in presenza di un possibile rischio per la salute pubblica attuale e controllabile, anche in considerazione della possibilità concreta di migliorare dal punto di vista tecnologico le esigenze comunicative utilizzando, in via alternativa, le fibre ottiche come valido complemento alle infrastrutture di radiotelefonia mobile esistenti.
ISDE Italia, pertanto, nel rispetto del principio di precauzione e del principio OMS “Health in all policies”, ritiene opportuna la richiesta di una moratoria per l’esecuzione delle “sperimentazioni 5G” su tutto il territorio nazionale sino a quando non sia adeguatamente pianificato un coinvolgimento attivo degli enti pubblici deputati al controllo ambientale e sanitario (Ministero Ambiente, Ministero Salute, ISPRA, ARPA, dipartimenti di prevenzione), non siano messe in atto valutazioni preliminari di rischio secondo metodologie codificate e un piano di monitoraggio dei possibili effetti sanitari sugli esposti, che dovrebbero in ogni caso essere opportunamente informati dei potenziali rischi.
Bibliografia
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  2. MISE. 5G: avviso pubblico per progetti sperimentali. 2017. http://www.mise.gov.it/index.php/it/normativa/notifiche-e-avvisi/2036226-5g-avviso-pubblico-per-progetti-sperimentali (accessed August 17, 2017 2017).
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  28. Szabo I, Rojavin MA, Rogers TJ, Ziskin MC. Reactions of keratinocytes to in vitro millimeter wave exposure. Bioelectromagnetics 2001; 22(5): 358-64.
  29. Li X, Liu C, Liang W, et al. Millimeter wave promotes the synthesis of extracellular matrix and the proliferation of chondrocyte by regulating the voltage-gated K+ channel. Journal of bone and mineral metabolism 2014; 32(4): 367-77.
  30. Li X, Du M, Liu X, et al. Millimeter wave treatment promotes chondrocyte proliferation by upregulating the expression of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 and cyclin A. International journal of molecular medicine 2010; 26(1): 77-84.
  31. Cosentino K, Beneduci A, Ramundo-Orlando A, Chidichimo G. The influence of millimeter waves on the physical properties of large and giant unilamellar vesicles. Journal of biological physics 2013; 39(3): 395-410.
  32. Di Donato L, Cataldo M, Stano P, Massa R, Ramundo-Orlando A. Permeability changes of cationic liposomes loaded with carbonic anhydrase induced by millimeter waves radiation. Radiation research 2012; 178(5): 437-46.
  33. Gordon ZV, Lobanova EA, Kitsovskaia IA, Tolgskaia MS. [Study of the biological effect of electromagnetic waves of millimeter range]. Biulleten’ eksperimental’noi biologii i meditsiny 1969; 68(7): 37-9.
  34. Alekseev SI, Ziskin MC, Kochetkova NV, Bolshakov MA. Millimeter waves thermally alter the firing rate of the Lymnaea pacemaker neuron. Bioelectromagnetics 1997; 18(2): 89-98.
  35. Pakhomov AG, Prol HK, Mathur SP, Akyel Y, Campbell CB. Search for frequency-specific effects of millimeter-wave radiation on isolated nerve function. Bioelectromagnetics 1997; 18(4): 324-34.
  36. Khramov RN, Sosunov EA, Koltun SV, Ilyasova EN, Lednev VV. Millimeter-wave effects on electric activity of crayfish stretch receptors. Bioelectromagnetics 1991; 12(4): 203-14.
  37. Alekseev SI, Gordiienko OV, Radzievsky AA, Ziskin MC. Millimeter wave effects on electrical responses of the sural nerve in vivo. Bioelectromagnetics 2010; 31(3): 180-90.
  38. Pikov V, Arakaki X, Harrington M, Fraser SE, Siegel PH. Modulation of neuronal activity and plasma membrane properties with low-power millimeter waves in organotypic cortical slices. Journal of neural engineering 2010; 7(4): 045003.
  39. Shapiro MG, Priest MF, Siegel PH, Bezanilla F. Thermal mechanisms of millimeter wave stimulation of excitable cells. Biophysical journal 2013; 104(12): 2622-8.
  40. Sypniewska RK, Millenbaugh NJ, Kiel JL, et al. Protein changes in macrophages induced by plasma from rats exposed to 35 GHz millimeter waves. Bioelectromagnetics 2010; 31(8): 656-63.


domenica 20 agosto 2017

Comunicato Stampa al Ministro della Istruzione

Logo

Al Ministro della Istruzione
Valeria Fedeli

Scopriamo dalla Stampa che è stata diramata una circolare per "liberalizzare" l'uso degli smartphone in aula.
Come mai questa decisione ?
Ci pare in direzione diametralmente opposta rispetto alla sempre maggior consapevolezza della inadeguatezza delle norme e limiti di esposizione ai campi elettomagnetici.
Ci riferiamo ancheai recentissimi:
10 July, Cyprus : WiFi has been removed from elementary schools and initiatives to educate children and families about health hazards from cell phones and wireless radiation are made, including brochures and videos.

24 Mai, Belgium : A well documented proposal of a resolution to recognize electrohypersensitivity in Belgium has been submitted to the Senate by three of its members.
Italia: sono sate pubblicate tre recenti cause  legali, in cui è stata confermata la relazione causale tra uso del telefono cellulare e cancro. ...
Ma, cosa più assurda, la Sua Circolare è in di-sintonia con un recente atto governativo, del Ministero della Ambiente (1) con titolo Piano d’azione per la sostenibilità ambientale dei consumi nel settore della Pubblica Amministrazione, che aggiorna i Criteri ambientali minimi per l’affidamento di servizi di progettazione e lavori per la nuova costruzione, ristrutturazione e manutenzione di edifici pubblici  (2)
tra i criteri guida che debbono essere assunti al fine di raggiungere una sostenibilità ambientale nella acquisizione ed uso di strutture ed attrezzature della Pubblica Amministrazione, si fa cenno – per la prima volta – di Inquinamento elettromagnetico indoor.
Infatti nel paragrafo 2.3.5.4 si parla espressamente di come si deve evitarel’inquinamento elettromagnetico da basse frequenze, predisponendo i quadri elettrici, i contatori e le colonne montanti all’ESTERNO dello stabile e di posare i cavi elettrici minimizzandone l’uso ;
ma anche, al fine di ridurre l’inquinamento elettromagnetico da radiofrequenze, passare ad opzioni alternative al Wifi come le connessioni via cavo oppure con PLC.
In attesa di un chiarimento,
inviamo distinti saluti

F.to Giorgio Cinciripini
In rappresentanza della ReteNoElettrosmogItalia


(1) Piano d’azione per la sostenibilità ambientale dei consumi nel settore della Pubblica Amministrazione pubblicato nella GU del 28/1/17
(2) Decreto Ministero Ambiente del 24/12/15 pubblicato in GU il 28.1.17

Statistiche su effetti dei campi elettromagnetici in base al ... finanziatore


Studio eseguito su un database di articoli scientifici relativi ad effetti dei EMF sugli esseri umani (e non) della associazione ORSAA (Australia).

<Notare  come i ricercatori ottengono risultati della loro ricerca scientifica che sono 'catalizzati' dagli interessi di chi finanzia la ricerca stessa ...  

Accademia USA Otorinolaringoiatri: istruzioni per l'uso di smart phone

La associazione dei medici otorinolaringoiatri americani ha emesso una lista di 6 'istruzioni per l'uso' finalizzati a ridurre il DANNO legato allo uso di smartphone
Vedere https://goodmenproject.com/featured-content/6-ways-that-your-smart-phone-may-be-impacting-your-health-snsw/

1) l'uso del telefono può dare problemi sulla funzionalità dell'udito, non legati al volume dell'audio: uso quindi di auricolari od altro che tenga lontano il telefono dall'orecchio

2) è stato determinato che il telefono contiene germi e batteri in genere legati alla scarsa igiene delle mani anche ... uscendo dal bagno

3) problemi sulla sicurezza ad es. dell'utente minorenne:  controllo da parte dei genitori !

4) il telefono può generare neoplasie per cui tenerlo lontano dal corpo, e si specifica anche per gli uomini di allontanare possibili tumore al petto se il telefono è tenuto nella tasca della camicia  superiore o della giacca

5) l'uso massiccio del telefono porta a depressione, disturbo del sonno, 'phantom ringing' che è la sensazione delle vibrazione del telefono anche se inattivo

6) effetti sulla fertilità maschile, già studiata e confermata da molti studi, legati al posizionamento del telefono vicino ai testicoli

sabato 19 agosto 2017

Come si crea una commissione tecnica 'garante' ... gli interessi economici !

FCC è l'ente federale americano sulle Comunicazioni che dà le regole sui limiti di esposizione alle RF.

Ha creato quest'anno una commissione di esperti (30) che deve supportare l'ente per le regole relative ad internet ad alta velocità , ad es. la 5G.

Guarda caso i 3/4 dei membri scelti sono rappresentanti delle società di telecomunicazioni e sistemi wireless, come AT&T, Comcast, TDS, etc.  Idem per gli  invitati esperti di provenienza nota da centri di sviluppo già ben orientati sulle scelte da rendere.
Viene riportato in questo articolo
http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/41628-fcc-packs-broadband-advisory-group-with-big-telecom-firms-trade-groups

Nel gruppo di lavoro sulle municipalità solo 3 su 24 membri erano stati destinati a rappresentanti locali.

Il Presidente di questi comitati, designato dalla Presidenza Trump, ha il chiaro compito di facilitare la implementazione della tecnologia 5G con un forte incremento di antenne e di inquinamento elettromagnetico !




When the Federal Communications Commission went looking this year for experts to sit on an advisory committee regarding deployment of high-speed internet, they took the often favoured route and loaded the 30 member panel with corporate executives, trade groups and free-market scholars. More than three out of four seats on the BDAC are filled by business-friendly representatives from the biggest wireless and cable companies such as AT&T Inc., Comcast Corp., Sprint Corp., and TDS Telecom. Crown Castle International Corp., the nation’s largest wireless infrastructure company, and Southern Co., the nation’s second-largest utility firm, have representatives on the panel. Also appointed to the panel were broadband experts from conservative think tanks who have been critical of FCC regulations such as the International Center for Law and Economics and the Mercatus Center at George Mason University. SNIP
Read the post here.

Il 'punto' sulla 5G


qui dal sito EMFields 

15th August 2017                 5G Update

There is currently a lot of concern being expressed on websites and emails about millimetre-waves (mm-waves) and 5G. It is very important to realise that these are not the same thing.

5G is a new, more technically advanced, version of the long-term-evolution (LTE) wireless communications system that effectively started with 3G. Over time it will use a variety of different carrier frequencies and modulations to transmit information. Some of these carrier frequencies will pass through buildings much more easily than others. All will be absorbed by living beings.

The rollout of 5G will be done over a number of years. Suitable 5G carrier frequencies have different properties with some carrying data further being better at passing through walls and other obstacles, while others (mm-waves) can only be used over short direct distances but can carry vast amounts of information quickly (e.g. for downloading HD movies). Because of this, and because no available mobile phone handsets currently are capable of mm-wave frequencies, the initial public network roll-out of 5G will be using carrier frequencies less than 6 GHz.

For short distance communication between mobile device (tablet or phone) and the nearest base station, higher frequencies from 24 GHz to 90 GHz (mm-waves) will be tested in locations around the world in the next few years. They will require different, more advanced, cellphone handsets and tablets. The electronic chips for these are only at an experimental stage at present.
The new cellphones will be more complicated to manufacture and the signals will be more difficult to measure accurately.

Later 5G mm-wave systems will require the deployment of millions of small low-power base stations close to people’s homes and it is questionable whether that will be affordable. In most areas where fibre-optic cable has been laid it is more likely to be implemented by integrating 5G pico-cell base stations in the routers that people have in their homes. This has been done to provide widespread WiFi in several countries. BT (2017) has a network of over 5 million WiFi hotspots across the UK provided by their BT broadband subscribers – and all subscribers can use any of them to connect to the internet.

It is most unlikely that there will be a widespread rollout of any 5G networks before about 2020. The EC hopes that viable commercial existing-band (up to 6 GHz) 5G networks will be in operation by the end of 2020. The first public mm-wave networks will follow a few years later and are likely to be in high-value city business areas. We are working on instruments for detecting the mm-wave frequencies, but they are unlikely to be available for sale before 2019. There are antenna, sensor and power consumption issues that make it difficult to make cost-effective wide-band measurements at these frequencies.

In the meantime microwaves at the 5G frequencies which will be used in most areas until at least 2020 (and probably 2023) can be measured using our Acoustimeter, ACOM2 instruments and our new RadAware alarm. By the time it is necessary to measure the mm-wave frequencies we will be offering new measuring instruments.


Written by Alasdair Philips, Technical Director of EMFields Solutions Ltd.  15th August 2017.
Two further pages follow with more technical information.
Further information about 5G

There are already 71 internationally identified potential 5G bands between 453 MHz and 6000 MHz (6 GHz) – many of these are currently used for mobile communication, nor are they available in all countries.
Microwaves at these frequencies can be measured using our Acoustimeter, ACOM2 instruments and our new RadAware alarm.

5G is a method of modulating an RF/microwave carrier with complex QAM subcarriers. ‘Microwaves’ are not defined as such, but are generally considered to be wavelengths between 1 metre and 10 mm (300 MHz to 30 GHz). Millimetre-waves (mm-waves) are much higher frequencies that have a much shorter effective range and are not good at penetrating buildings but offer much greater data bandwidth. Their wavelengths are longer than infrared waves, but shorter than normal ‘microwaves’.  They were considered to be wavelengths in the range from 10 mm (30 GHz) to 1 mm (300 GHz), though the 24.25 GHz to 27.5 GHz band is being prioritised across Europe as the first high frequency band for 5G and is being included in the mm-wave part of the spectrum.

It is all very early days in the real world roll-out. In July 2017, Apple was awarded a licence to design, build and test experimental 5G mm-wave handsets, specifically for the FCC approved 28 and 39 GHz bands. Chipmaker Qualcomm has announced that samples of its 5G ‘snapdragon’ X50 28 GHz chipset will be available late in 2017 and hopefully in production quantities by the end of 2018.  In July 2017, Arqiva and Samsung started a single trial of a fixed (not mobile) 28 GHz experimental one-base-station mini-network in central London.

‘5G for Europe: An Action Plan’ – published by the EC in 2016 states:
“The designation of new frequency bands above 6 GHz is on the agenda of the World Radio Conference 2019 (WRC-19), based on a list of candidate bands identified at WRC-15, subject to ITU studies, with the aim of targeting the widest possible global harmonisation.”

The EC hopes that: “every Member State will identify at least one major city to be "5G-enabled" by the end of 202018 and that all urban areas and major terrestrial transport paths have uninterrupted 5G coverage by 2025”
In the meantime, the UK Regulator, Ofcom, has worked with other European spectrum regulators to identify three key new bands for 5G in Europe: 700 MHz, 3.4-3.8 GHz, and 24.25-27.5 GHz. Many network operators are planning to use some of the 800/900 MHz GSM frequencies for 5G that will penetrate buildings and some existing 3G bands (e.g. 1800 MHz) will also convert to 5G.
Ofcom is already planning an auction for some time in 2017, to sell off spectrum in the 2.3GHz and 3.4GHz bands. It also is reclaiming the 700–800 MHz spectrum from Digital Terrestrial Television and wireless for future 5G usage, which should be complete by the second quarter of 2020. Elsewhere in Europe, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has already globally allocated 200MHz of 3.4-3.6GHz spectrum and is also committed to making the ex-DTV 694-790MHz band available in Europe for 5G.
In August 2017, the FCC announced that it is looking into how 3.7-4.2 GHz; 5.925- 6.425 GHz.
However, the imagined future of 5G lies in the high frequency millimetre-wave spectrum, for which there is far more capacity. This technically encompasses the 30-300 GHz range, but it more commonly refers to bands above 24 GHz. Ofcom has identified 24.25-27.5 GHz as the so-called "pioneer band". More commonly simplified to 26 GHz, this band is seen as the most likely candidate for a true global 5G standard.
There is not likely to be widespread deployment of mm-waves until at least 2021 and probably nearer to 2025 other than in a few high-value densely populated areas.

Some 2G (GSM) networks will continue to be supported by some companies in the fairly long-term. They still offer the most effective rural coverage at fairly low power for voice and text messages. They are also widely used for the large number of existing automated alarm and data systems that will not easily be able to be converted to LTE. However, AT&T, Telstra, Optus and the 3 Singapore operators, have already turned off their 2G (GSM) networks to clear frequencies for 4G and 5G. In most countries, 3G is much more likely to be phased out before 2G (GSM), as 3G/UTMS morphed into 4G/LTE and now the first standard for 5G/LTE (which is actually 3GPPP-12, passed in 2015) and with future technical enhancements: 3GPPP-13 (2016), 3GPPP-14 (2017) and 3GPPP-15 planned to be released in September 2018. However some networks (like Verizon, AT&T and KT) are just going ahead and creating their own ‘bespoke’ versions of 5G in order to try to be the market leaders.

Water is a very good absorber of millimetre waves. Wet cement will absorb almost all the mm-wave radiation impinging on its surface. Humans absorb 100% of the energy of millimetre waves which hit them. 
Whether mm-waves will penetrate homes depends on many factors. Above 30GHz the waves can slip through long slots such as those around PVC window frames as the metal cores are surrounded just by PVC extrusions. This makes it difficult to shield at the scale of housing. Metal reflects millimetre waves as effectively as it reflects microwaves, but mesh is much less useful, as the smaller waves more easily slip between the wires in a mesh.

For more information on 5G and its rollout, this is an informative site:

Including: Small-cell networks, Massive MIMO, Beamforming, and Full-duplex.

lunedì 14 agosto 2017

Brevetti USA per uso dei campi elettromagnetici per il controllo della mente

La ricerca americana legata o meno alla CIA è da tempo impegnata a trovare sistemi di manipolazione del sistema nervoso basato su radiazioni.

Qui di seguito ci sono alcuni numeri di brevetto con il titolo.

Leggo:

- manipolazione del sistema nervoso tramite campi elettromagnetici via i monitor
- manipolazione remota del sistema nervoso  con campi magnetici
- metodi ed apparati per manipolare il sistema nervoso
- eccitazione magnetica delle sensazioni
...

La finalità di queste ricerche è quella di sviluppare, ulteriormente, armi di controllo mentale di masse di persone .... sicuramente ... per fini di bene ... come nelle manifestazioni di piazza ma anche per bloccare dei terroristi ...




Are there patents to manipulate the human nervous system using electromagnetic frequencies?
USP# 3009080- Apparatus and method for generating and containing plasma having ultra high temperatures.
USP# 4245909- An optical instrument for measurement of particle size distribution.
USP# 6238333- Remote magnetic manipulation of nervous systems.
USP# 6091994- Pulsative manipulation f nervous systems.
USP# 5782874- Method and apparatus for manipulating nervous system.
USP# 6017302- Subliminal acoustic manipulation of nervous system.
USP# 6506148-Nervous system manipulation by electromagnetic fields from monitor.
All devices are used for Mind Control projects run by CIA or other intelligence agencies. A group of researchers (under the name Dr H Loos) were actually a group of hired professionals for researching and inventing such devices which could be developed and used for mass mind control, PSYOPS, behaviour modification later by CIA. 

Here are some of the patents and information relating to Hendricus G. Loos as published at Justica:
Note this patent includes microwave radiation inducements
Bipolar fog abatement system
Patent number: 4475927

giovedì 10 agosto 2017

La storia di 'Lilienfield' si replica, ma ora a Cuba ! Vedete ...

A Cuba si sta replicando quando accaduto in Russia

 Per circa 20 anni, dal 1953 al 1976, in piena guerra fredda, il lato ovest della ambasciata americana a Mosca fu “bombardato” da  radiazioni a microonde di bassa intensità, emesse da radar posizionati dalle forze dell’intelligenze dell’ex Unione Sovietica. Ne seguirono diverse pubblicazioni scientifiche che misero in rilievo gli effetti sulla salute che si erano evidenziati negli addetti dell’ambasciata con particolare riferimento alla così detta “malattia da radiofrequenza” caratterizzata da sintomi tipici dell’EHS 
Fu chiamato Lilienfeld Study  

A quanto pare il governo americano sa bene gli effetti dei EMF!


Qui a Cuba si sta parlando di fine 2016 con la espulsione per rappresaglia di 2 diplomatici dagli USA in questi giorni ...


Video australiano su Wifi nelle scuole



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iQzJTJ1l3po

ha i sottotitoli in Inglese, quindi si segue bene.

E' ineterssante perché parte da zero e spiega ...

martedì 8 agosto 2017

5G negli USA la installazione di un numero elevato di antenne è iniziato

Riporto un articolo del Prof Joel M. Moskowitz, Ph.D.   che fa una sintesi dei punti essenziali della problematica del 5G per gli aspetti tecnico e sanitario.



Monday, August 7, 2017

5G Wireless Technology: Millimeter Wave Health Effects

The emergence of 5G, fifth-generation telecommunications networks, has been in the news lately because the wireless industry has been pushing controversial legislation at the state level to expedite the deployment of this technology. The legislation would block the rights of local governments and their citizens to control the installation of cellular antennas in the public “right-of-way.” Cell antennas may be installed on public utility poles every 10-12 houses in urban areas. According to the industry, as many as 50,000 new cell sites will be required in California alone. 

Although many major cities and newspapers have opposed this legislation, the potential health risks from the proliferation of new cellular antenna sites have been ignored. These cell antennas will expose the population to new sources of radio frequency radiation including MMWs.

5G will employ low- (0.6 GHz - 3.7 GHz), mid- (3.7 – 24 GHz), and high-band frequencies (24 GHz and higher). In the U.S., the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has allocated “low-band” spectrum at 0.6 GHz (e.g., 600 MHz), “mid-band” spectrum in the 3.5 GHz range, and 11 GHz of “high-band” frequencies including licensed spectrum from 27.5-28.35 GHz and 37-40 GHz, as well as unlicensed spectrum from 64-71 GHz which is open to all wireless equipment manufacturers.

Prior to widespread deployment, major cell phone carriers are experimenting with new technologies that employ “high-band” frequencies in communities across the country. The “high-band” frequencies largely consist of millimeter waves (MMWs), a type of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths of one to ten millimeters and frequencies ranging from 30 to 300 GHz (or billions of cycles per second). 

The characteristics of MMWs are different than the “low-band” (i.e., microwave) frequencies which are currently in use by the cellular and wireless industries. MMWs can transmit large amounts of data over short distances. The transmissions can be directed into narrow beams that travel by line-of-sight and can move data at high rates (e.g., up to 10 billion bits per second) with short lags (or latencies) between transmissions. The signals are blocked by buildings, and foliage can absorb much of their energy. Also, the waves can be reflected by metallic surfaces. Although antennas can be as small as a few millimeters, “small cell” antenna arrays may consist of dozens or even hundreds of antenna elements.


What does research tell us about the biologic and health effects of millimeter waves?

Millimeter waves (MMWs) are mostly absorbed within 1 to 2 millimeters of human skin and in the surface layers of the cornea. Thus, the skin or near-surface zones of tissues are the primary targets of the radiation. Since skin contains capillaries and nerve endings, MMW bio-effects may be transmitted through molecular mechanisms by the skin or through the nervous system. 

Thermal (or heating) effects occur when the power density of the waves is above 5–10 mW/cm2. Such high-intensity MMWs act on human skin and the cornea in a dose-dependent manner—beginning with heat sensation followed by pain and physical damage at higher exposures. Temperature elevation can impact the growth, morphology and metabolism of cells, induce production of free radicals, and damage DNA.

The maximum permissible exposure that the FCC permits for the general public is 1.0 mW/cm2 averaged over 30 minutes for frequencies that range from 1.5 GHz to 100 GHz. This guideline was adopted in 1986 to protect humans from acute exposure to thermal levels of radiofrequency radiation. However, the guidelines were not designed to protect us from nonthermal risks that may occur with prolonged or long-term exposure to radiofrequency radiation.

With the deployment of fifth generation wireless infrastructure (aka 5G), much of the nation will be exposed to MMWs for the first time on a continuous basis. Due to FCC guidelines, these exposures will likely be of low intensity. Hence, the health consequences of 5G exposure will be limited to non-thermal effects produced by prolonged exposure to MMWs in conjunction with exposure to low- and mid-band radiofrequency radiation.

Unfortunately, few studies have examined prolonged exposure to low-intensity MMWs, and no research that I am aware of has focused on exposure to MMWs combined with other radiofrequency radiation.

Although biologic effects of low-intensity MMWs have been studied for decades, particularly in Eastern Europe, study results are often inconsistent because the effects are related to many factors including the frequency, modulation, power density, and duration of the exposures, as well as the type of tissue or cells being investigated.

Results vary across studies—MMWs have been shown to induce or inhibit cell death and enhance or suppress cell proliferation. Some studies found that the radiation inhibits cell cycle progression, and some studies reported no biologic effects (Le Drean et al., 2013)

A review of the research in 2010 noted that “A large number of cellular studies have indicated that MMW may alter structural and functional properties of membranes.” Exposure to MMWs may affect the plasma membrane either by modifying ion channel activity or by modifying the phospholipid bilayer. Water molecules also seem to play a role in these effects. Skin nerve endings are a likely target of MMWs and the possible starting point of numerous biological effects. MMWs may activate the immune system through stimulation of the peripheral neural system (Ramundo-Orlando, 2010).

In 1998, five scientists employed by U.S. Army and Air Force research institutes published a seminal review of the research on MMWs. They reported:

“Increased sensitivity and even hypersensitivity of individual specimens to MMW may be real. Depending on the exposure characteristics, especially wavelength, a low-intensity MMW radiation was perceived by 30 to 80% of healthy examinees (Lebedeva, 1993, 1995). Some clinical studies reported MMW hypersensitivity, which was or was not limited to a certain wavelength (Golovacheva, 1995).” 
“It is important to note that, even with the variety of bioeffects reported, no studies have provided evidence that a low-intensity MMW radiation represents a health hazard for human beings. Actually, none of the reviewed studies with low-intensity MMW even pursued the evaluation of health risks, although in view of numerous bioeffects and growing usage of MMW technologies this research objective seems very reasonable. Such MMW effects as alterations of cell growth rate and UV light sensitivity, biochemical and antibiotic resistivity changes in pathogenic bacteria, as well as many others are of potential significance for safety standards, but even local and short-term exposures were reported to produce marked effects. It should also be realized that biological effects of a prolonged or chronic MMW exposure of the whole body or a large body area have never been investigated. Safety limits for these types of exposures are based solely on predictions of energy deposition and MMW heating, but in view of recent studies this approach is not necessarily adequate.” (Pakhomov et al., 1998)

Microbes are also affected by MMW radiation. In 2016 a review of the research on the effects of MMWs on bacteria was published (Soghomonyan et al., 2016). The authors summarized their findings as follows:

“…bacteria and other cells might communicate with each other by electromagnetic field of sub-extremely high frequency range. These MMW affected Escherichia coli and many other bacteria, mainly depressing their growth and changing properties and activity. These effects were non-thermal and depended on different factors. The significant cellular targets for MMW effects could be water, cell plasma membrane, and genome….The consequences of MMW interaction with bacteria are the changes in their sensitivity to different biologically active chemicals, including antibiotics….These effects are of significance for understanding changed metabolic pathways and distinguish role of bacteria in environment; they might be leading to antibiotic resistance in bacteria.”

Changing the sensitivity of bacteria to antibiotics by MMW irradiation can be important for the understanding of antibiotic resistance in the environment. In this respect, it is interesting that bacteria [that] survived near telecommunication-based stations like Bacillus and Clostridium spp. have been found to be multidrug resistant (Adebayo et al. 2014).”  (Soghomonyan et al., 2016)


In sum, the peer-reviewed research demonstrates that short-term exposure to low-intensity millimeter wave (MMW) radiation not only affects human cells, it may result in the growth of multi-drug resistant bacteria harmful to humans. Since little research has been conducted on the health consequences from long-term exposure to MMWs, widespread deployment of 5G or 5th generation wireless infrastructure constitutes a massive experiment that may have adverse impacts on the public’s health.

Related Posts

Following are summaries of research reviews of the effects of MMW exposure and a list of recently published studies.

Millimeter Wave Research Reviews
(Updated Aug 7, 2017)

Le Drean Y, Mahamoud YS, Le Page Y, Habauzit D, Le Quement C, Zhadobov M, Sauleau R. State of knowledge on biological effects at 40–60 GHz. Comptes Rendus Physique. 2013; 14(5):402-411.

Abstract

Millimetre waves correspond to the range of frequencies located between 30 and 300 GHz. Many applications exist and are emerging in this band, including wireless telecommunications, imaging and monitoring systems. In addition, some of these frequencies are used in therapy in Eastern Europe, suggesting that interactions with the human body are possible. This review aims to summarise current knowledge on interactions between millimetre waves and living matter. Several representative examples from the scientific literature are presented. Then, possible mechanisms of interactions between millimetre waves and biological systems are discussed.

--

Pakhomov AG, Akyel Y, Pakhomova ON, Stuck BE, Murphy MR. Current state and implications of research on biological effects of millimeter waves: a review of the literature. Bioelectromagnetics. 1998; 19(7):393-413.

In recent years, research into biological and medical effects of millimeter waves (MMW) has expanded greatly. This paper analyzes general trends in the area and briefly reviews the most significant publications, proceeding from cell-free systems, dosimetry, and spectroscopy issues through cultured cells and isolated organs to animals and humans. The studies reviewed demonstrate effects of low-intensity MMW (10 mW/cm2 and less) on cell growth and proliferation, activity of enzymes, state of cell genetic apparatus, function of excitable membranes, peripheral receptors, and other biological systems. In animals and humans, local MMW exposure stimulated tissue repair and regeneration, alleviated stress reactions, and facilitated recovery in a wide range of diseases (MMW therapy). Many reported MMW effects could not be readily explained by temperature changes during irradiation. The paper outlines some problems and uncertainties in the MMW research area, identifies tasks for future studies, and discusses possible implications for development of exposure safety criteria and guidelines.


Ramundo-Orlando A. Effects of millimeter waves radiation on cell membrane - A brief review. Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves.  2010; 31(12):1400–1411.

Abstract

The millimeter waves (MMW) region of the electromagnetic spectrum, extending from 30 to 300 GHz in terms of frequency (corresponding to wavelengths from 10 mm to 1 mm), is officially used in non-invasive complementary medicine in many Eastern European countries against a variety of diseases such gastro duodenal ulcers, cardiovascular disorders, traumatism and tumor. On the other hand, besides technological applications in traffic and military systems, in the near future MMW will also find applications in high resolution and high-speed wireless communication technology. This has led to restoring interest in research on MMW induced biological effects. In this review emphasis has been given to the MMW-induced effects on cell membranes that are considered the major target for the interaction between MMW and biological systems.


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Ryan KL, D'Andrea JA, Jauchem JR, Mason PA. Radio frequency radiation of millimeter wave length: potential occupational safety issues relating to surface heating.  Health Phys. 2000; 78(2):170-81.

Abstract

Currently, technology is being developed that makes use of the millimeter wave (MMW) range (30-300 GHz) of the radio frequency region of the electromagnetic spectrum. As more and more systems come on line and are used in everyday applications, the possibility of inadvertent exposure of personnel to MMWs increases. To date, there has been no published discussion regarding the health effects of MMWs; this review attempts to fill that void. Because of the shallow depth of penetration, the energy and, therefore, heat associated with MMWs will be deposited within the first 1-2 mm of human skin. MMWs have been used in states of the former Soviet Union to provide therapeutic benefit in a number of diverse disease states, including skin disorders, gastric ulcers, heart disease and cancer. Conversely, the possibility exists that hazards might be associated with accidental overexposure to MMWs. This review attempts to critically analyze the likelihood of such acute effects as burn and eye damage, as well as potential long-term effects, including cancer.


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Soghomonyan D, Trchounian K, Trchounian A. Millimeter waves or extremely high frequency electromagnetic fields in the environment: what are their effects on bacteria? Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2016; 100(11):4761-71. doi: 10.1007/s00253-016-7538-0.

Abstract

Millimeter waves (MMW) or electromagnetic fields of extremely high frequencies at low intensity is a new environmental factor, the level of which is increased as technology advance. It is of interest that bacteria and other cells might communicate with each other by electromagnetic field of sub-extremely high frequency range. These MMW affected Escherichia coli and many other bacteria, mainly depressing their growth and changing properties and activity. These effects were non-thermal and depended on different factors. The significant cellular targets for MMW effects could be water, cell plasma membrane, and genome. The model for the MMW interaction with bacteria is suggested; a role of the membrane-associated proton FOF1-ATPase, key enzyme of bioenergetic relevance, is proposed. The consequences of MMW interaction with bacteria are the changes in their sensitivity to different biologically active chemicals, including antibiotics. Novel data on MMW effects on bacteria and their sensitivity to different antibiotics are presented and discussed; the combined action of MMW and antibiotics resulted with more strong effects. These effects are of significance for understanding changed metabolic pathways and distinguish role of bacteria in environment; they might be leading to antibiotic resistance in bacteria. The effects might have applications in the development of technique, therapeutic practices, and food protection technology.


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Torgomyan H, Trchounian A. Bactericidal effects of low-intensity extremely high frequency electromagnetic field: an overview with phenomenon, mechanisms, targets and consequences. Crit Rev Microbiol. 2013; 39(1):102-11.

Abstract

Low-intensity electromagnetic field (EMF) of extremely high frequencies is a widespread environmental factor. This field is used in telecommunication systems, therapeutic practices and food protection. Particularly, in medicine and food industries EMF is used for its bactericidal effects. The significant targets of cellular mechanisms for EMF effects at resonant frequencies in bacteria could be water (H2O), cell membrane and genome. The changes in H2O cluster structure and properties might be leading to increase of chemical activity or hydration of proteins and other cellular structures. These effects are likely to be specific and long-term. Moreover, cell membrane with its surface characteristics, substance transport and energy-conversing processes is also altered. Then, the genome is affected because the conformational changes in DNA and the transition of bacterial pro-phages from lysogenic to lytic state have been detected. The consequences for EMF interaction with bacteria are the changes in their sensitivity to different chemicals, including antibiotics. These effects are important to understand distinguishing role of bacteria in environment, leading to changed metabolic pathways in bacteria and their antibiotic resistance. This EMF may also affect the cell-to-cell interactions in bacterial populations, since bacteria might interact with each other through EMF of sub-extremely high frequency range.



Recent Millimeter Wave Studies
(Updated: August 7, 2017)

Foster KR, Ziskin MC, Balzano Q. Thermal Response of Human Skin to Microwave Energy: A Critical Review. Health Phys. 2016; 111(6):528-541. (Note: This work was sponsored by the Mobile Manufacturers Forum. The authors state that MMF had no control over the contents.)  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27798477

Gandhi OP, Riazi A. Absorption of millimeter waves by human beings and its biological implications. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. MTT-34(2):228-235. 1986. http://bit.ly/2oS3rKD

Haas AJ, Le Page Y, Zhadobov M, Sauleau R, Le Dréan Y. Effects of 60-GHz millimeter waves on neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells using high-content screening. Neurosci Lett. 2016 Apr 8;618:58-65. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26921450

Haas AJ, Le Page Y, Zhadobov M, Sauleau R, Dréan YL, Saligaut C. Effect of acute millimeter wave exposure on dopamine metabolism of NGF-treated PC12 cells. J Radiat Res. 2017 Feb 24:1-7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28339776

Hovnanyan K, Kalantaryan V, Trchounian A. The distinguishing effects of low intensity electromagnetic radiation of different extremely high frequences on Enterococcus hirae: growth rate inhibition and scanning electron microscopy analysis. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2017. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28609553

Koyama S, Narita E, Shimizu Y, Suzuki Y, Shiina T, Taki M, Shinohara N, Miyakoshi J.Effects of Long-Term Exposure to 60 GHz Millimeter-Wavelength Radiation on the Genotoxicity and Heat Shock Protein (Hsp) Expression of Cells Derived from Human Eye. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Aug 8;13(8). pii: E802. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27509516
Sivachenko IB, Medvedev DS, Molodtsova ID, Panteleev SS, Sokolov AY, Lyubashina OA. Effects of Millimeter-Wave Electromagnetic Radiation on the Experimental Model of Migraine. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2016 Feb;160(4):425-8. doi: 10.1007/s10517-016-3187-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26899844